Рефераты. Правонарушители (Young offenders)

Правонарушители (Young offenders)

Мирзоев Тимур 404


Every Russian knows that we have a lot of troubles with juvenile

delinquency. But not many of us know about troubles with young offenders in

other countries. So I am going to tell you about young offenders in Great


First of all lets see on survey.

“Up to 30 per cent of teenagers carry some kind of weapon to protect

themselves, with one in five boys carrying a knife, according to a survey

which shows widespread concern among young people about their physical


The survey of 24,000 teenagers by the Schools Education Unit of

Exeter University shows that two-thirds of girls and one-third of boys fear

physical attack.

About a third of girls and a quarter of boys are so fearful of

bulling that they are sometimes, often, or very often afraid of going to


Almost half of 12-13-year-olds and 60 per cent of 14-15-year-olds

consumed at least one alcoholic drink.

About 10 per cent 12-13-year-olds and 30 per cent of 14-15-year-olds had

tried at least one illegal drug, usually cannabis.” (The Guardian November,


Now lets see what police say about young offenders.

“Northumbria police identified 58 youngsters- most 15 or younger –

officially responsible for 1,079 crimes in Newcastle upon Tyne last year

and arrested on 833 occasions.

They include one boy arrested 37 times in a year, who was a thief and

a burglar at 11, and another thought to have committed at least 300 crimes.

He had been arrested 64 times in three years. Six month ago he stole an

army motorcycle and an automatic rifle – both later recovered- after

absconding from a remand center.

But on the assumption that he 58 have committed an overage of 7.8

crimes for every arrest, the report estimates that they could have been

responsible for a staggering 6,500 crimes last year.

Young criminals were graded in five categories from ‘most persistent

offenders’ to ‘minor’.

Alan Brown, the assistant chief constable of Northumbria, called for

a national strategy to deal with juvenile offenders – starting with special

units for boys under 15 who, at present, cannot be remanded in custody.

‘They need to be prisonlike, but could be used for juveniles on the verge

of becoming persistent offenders who need supervision before they become

seriously involved in crime,’ he said. (The Guardian November, 1996)

All this makes us think about one thing “What makes them commit

crimes?” Here is some points.

Involvement in offending and drug use amongst young people is

widespread – every other male and every third female admitted to committing

offences and the same numbers admitted using drugs at some time – but most

offending is infrequent and minor and most drug use is confined to using


The strongest influences on starting to offend are low parental

supervision, persistent truancy and associating with others involved in

offending, all of which are strongly related to the quality of

relationships with parents.

The most common age fore starting the following activities:

14 years for truanting and running away from Home.

15 years for offending and taking cannabis

16 years for taking drugs other than cannabis

The peak ages for offending are 21 for males and 16 for females.

So, how we should prevent crime by young people?

British specialists offer: “It would be better to prevent the offending

behavior in the first place. Steps can be taken by a wide range of agencies

to address such problems by intervening before those at risk start to

offend. Local agencies need to pilot such interventions in the areas where

they era most needed, and evaluate them to learn what works.

Children brought up in families with lax parental supervision and

which live in poor neighborhoods are more likely to become offenders.

Parents who are bringing up their children in difficult circumstances can

be helped by professionals to improve their parenting skills and produce


Where parents fail to socialize their children adequately, schools

end up coping with bad behavior among their pupils. Young people who are

excluded from school or who truant are more likely to offend – so it is

worrying that the number of pupils permanently excluded from schools has

risen. Schools can be helped to deal with difficult pupils by support

workers, and by advice from child and adolescent mental health services.

Use of drugs and alcohol is high among young offenders – 70 per cent

of those on supervision orders admit to taking drugs and over half get

drunk at least once a week. Multi-agency Drug Action Teams need to ensure

that some of the services developed locally cater for the needs of those

under the age of 18.”

2012 © Все права защищены
При использовании материалов активная ссылка на источник обязательна.