Рефераты. Сочинения по России

Сочинения по России

Education in Russia.

Citizens of Russia have the right to education which is guaranteed by the

Constitution. The public educational system in our country incorporates pre-

school, general school, specialized secondary and higher education.

Pre-school consists of kindergartens and creches. Children there learn

reading, writing and arithmetic. But pre-school education isn't compulsory

- children can get it at home.

Compulsory education is for children from 6(7) to 17 years of age.

The main link in the system of education is the general school which

prepares the younger generation for life and work in modern production.

There are various types of schools: general secondary schools, schools

specializing in a certain subject, high schools, lyceums and so on. Tuition

in most of them is free of charge, but some new types of schools are fee-

paying. The term of study in a general secondary school is 11 years and

consists of primery, middle and upper stages. At the middle stage of a

secondary school the children learn the basic laws of nature and society at

the lessons of history, algebra, literature, physics and many others.

After 9th form pupils have to sit for examinations. Also they have a choice

between entering the 10th grade of a general secondary school and enroling

in a specialized secondary or vocational school.

Persons who finish the general secondary school, recieve a secondary

education certificate, giving them the right to enter any higher

educational establishment. Entrance examinations are held in July and

August. Institutions are headed by rectors; the faculties are headed by the

deans. One has to study in the institute for 5 years. Higher educational

institutions train students in one or several specializations.

2012 © Все права защищены
При использовании материалов активная ссылка на источник обязательна.