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English topics

The Russian Federation.

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies

about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. It’s total area is about 17

million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans :

the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Arctic. Russia borders with many country.

They are : Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Norway,

Finland, the Baltic states, Belorussia and the Ukraine. It also has a sea

border with the USA. The population of the Russian Federation is nearly 250

million people. The capital of the country is Moscow. It’s its largest

political, scientific, cultural and economical center. Russia is very rich

in mineral resources. There is gold, platinum, diamonds, coal, peat, oil,

gas and wood. There are over two million rivers in Russia. The Europe’s

biggest river , the Volga , flows into the Caspian sea. Others main rivers

are : the Ob, the Yenisei, the Lena and the Amur. Russia is also rich in

beautiful lakes. The world biggest lake - the Caspian sea and the world

deepest lake - Lake Baikal are in it. Russia has one-six of the world’s

forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in

Siberia and in Far East. On the vast territory of the country there are

different types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the

south. In the middle of the country the climate is continental. Russia has

four beautiful seasons : winter , spring , summer and autumn. They are very

different. The Russian Federation is a parliamentary republic. The Head of

State is the President. He is elected for 4 years and his powers are

limited by the Duma. At present Russia has some political and economical

problems. (The price are rising, the rate of inflation is very high, people

are losing their jobs and many factories are stopped). But I believe that

in the future the young generation of your country will sold all these

problems and they shall make “Great” Russia as strong and powerful as it

used to be.


Russia occupy a large territory. It strech almost 10 000 (ten thousend)

kilometres from east to west and nearly 5 000 (five thousend) kilometres

from north to south. It's population is 150 000 000 (one handred and fifty)

million people.

From spring till autmn the sun never sets over Russia: in Kaliningrad

peole see it sitting in the Baltic, while in Kamchatka it rises out of the

Pasific Ocean at the some time. People in our country see the New Year in

eleven times in one night.

If you begin to trevell in the Far East by air and fly 8 000 (eight

thousend)kilometres towards the west, you will land in Moscow on thr same

hour same day that you left the Far East.

It is a wonderful sight yo see our country from the plane. One can

hardly imagine a country more interesting to trevellers whan Russia.

Siberia covers millions of square kilometres. You fly over mountain,

endless forests, large and small rivers, railways, motorways. You leave

behind the lights of young and small towns, plants and factories. Siberia

is a rigeon of untold riches.

Father West are the Ural Mountains the border between Asia and europe.

The Urals are riche in different minerals.

The country's European part covers the territory from Urals to the

Baltic Sea. The largest cities of the Russia are situated between theBlack

Sea in the south and the Black Sea in the north. Such an our country from

East to West. There is no over countrys in which the climet differs so much

from one part to another. When it is still winter in the northen regions of

our country the first warm days arrive in the south. In the central regions

show storms and cold are still in power, while in the south people begin to

think of spring crops. In the same season nature looks different in

different parts of our country.

Russia is rich in oil, coul, iron, gold, silver and other minerals.

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