Рефераты. Knowledge, Innovation and Development

Knowledge, Innovation and Development



Written by: Kuropatkina Serafima



( Kuropatkina S.N.

Moving into the future

Knowledge is the thing that makes a difference. It is matter of being

better informed than the others, getting ideas before the others, - these

are the things that allow some companies to take off and remain leaders for

a long time. In the past knowledge and innovations didn't play an important

role in company management. The impact of these factors on the competition

wasn't very big and obvious. From the second half of 19th century

industries and management started to develop rapidly and by the end of 20th

century inventions have penetrated all spheres of production, business and

human life in general. Competition has dramatically increased, creating the

necessity for each company to improve and develop constantly. We are moving

into the future where it is not possible to win the game using traditional

methods. This proves a need of a separate structure within each company

that would deal with existing knowledge, innovative ideas, development of

production process and working life. It is essential to design a completely

new department. Let’s call it - the department of Knowledge, Innovation and

Development (KID). This system also will allow the company to avoid high

opportunity costs of not doing some improvements which could reduce costs

and give rise to profits. Let's take a close look on the KID department,

its functions and structure.

The department of Knowledge, Innovation and Development (KID)

1 KID's functions

The general functions of the KID are:

to solve different problems that come up in a company using known methods

or new ideas of the employees;

to constantly develop company's production cycle and products

to give aid to all departments concerning possible improvement and

elimination of drawbacks

In order to fulfill its general functions KID will carry out the following


receiving fresh ideas or problems from staff of different departments

selecting the most useful and relevant ideas and checking the existence of

the problem

developing ideas and problem solutions (if needed) to level required for


making the final decision in cooperation with the department(s) involved

implementing the developed idea

controlling the implementation process, altering if necessary

evaluating the outcome, calculating financial results

rewarding the idea maker

changing the corporate culture and working environment towards creativity

and innovation values.

2 Structure of the KID department

In correspondence with its main activities the KID should consist of the

following departments:

1) gathering and filtering department (organizes research, selects ideas,

checks the relevance of problems, responds to idea proposers and


2) developing department (works out solutions to problems pointed out by

employees or customers, invites authors of good ideas for closer


3) executive department (plans, runs, controls implementation process,

negotiates with other departments)

4) social relations department (deals with motivation, awards, customer

relations and different social activities)

At first the department 2) should closely cooperate with present R&D. In

the future R&D can become subject to 2).

How to create a KID?

Creation of KID must be supported on the highest level of management.

Without this nothing can happen.

1 Preliminary activities

First we must analyze how innovative is the company. How often changes take

place. Who proposes them. How do workers feel about sharing the ideas. Do

their ideas get attention? This will show the present situation and allow

us to estimate the how much time and resources KID creation will take.

Next step is to introduce to everyone in the company the new department, to

explain its purpose and functions, to show how the company and every single

employee will benefit from it.

Then allocate the people and resources and create the department itself.

For the beginning KID can be formed with existing managers and experts. But

when many companies are going to be using similar systems they will need

specially trained workers. Faculties should be designed in universities and

colleges teaching students to deal with new ideas and to use existing

theories and experience of preceding generations in order to solve

problems and develop their company.

2 Designing information flows

As a part of organization’s information system we must work out a

mechanism of idea and problem flow from the employees and customers to the

KID. Among the numerous motivation theories there are theory X and theory

Y. X suggests that the worker is passive and needs to be closely controlled

and forced in order to get results. Y - the worker is creative and eager to

work. He just needs proper conditions to show himself. I went further. I

believe that there are two types of workers in the company - X and Y,

active and passive. That's why the KID needs two approaches. For example:

open entry - every worker can come to the gathering department directly or

put his ideas in written form into special bins that would be available at

his working place. This way the employees will be able to express their

thoughts at any desired time;

obligatory interviewing - from time to time KID will give out to workers

questioners which they must fill. These could consist of the following


"Have you noticed any problems concerning the work of your department? Have

you any suggestions on how to solve them?"

"Is there anything you'd like to improve in your department and in the

whole company? How (your suggestions)?"

"How do you feel about our company’s products (services)? How can they be

developed or improved?" Etc.

The interviewing should be carried out at all departments, but not at the

same time. This will allow to avoid conjunction at the gathering and

filtering department.

3 Motivation

Motivation of the workers. We must estimate the level of actual needs of

employees and develop a mechanism of motivation universal for every worker.

There can be many motivating factors. They depend on the economic

conditions in the country, standards of living and financial situation in

the company. Money, job promotion, board of honor, competition of ideas

with prizes, etc. Motivation through corporate culture is also required. We

can put posters in often visited places. Posters may say:

"By participating the KID's activities you will help your company, improve

your work and life!"

"Be company patriotic!"

"Be a perfectionist. Spot a problem - tell the KID about it!"

"Give us ideas because nobody knows your work better then you!"


4 Cooperation with experts

We need to organize cooperation with specialists. It isn't useful to have

our own staff of experts because:

they will not always be logged with work and this will produce extra costs

they will soon become useless because they will be drawn away from current

work of their departments.

We also must investigate whom we can rely on. Not all experts innovative

and understand the necessity of change. Cooperation with KID will be part

of responsibilities of those experts who work with it.

Organize cooperation with management of different departments. An order to

implement any idea must come directly from the management of the department


5 KID's position within the company

The scheme of KID's position in the company can look like this:

Kid provides each department with its services. Department in return

provide KID with some information, resources etc. The connections are:

1. Marketing department provides information received from different

marketing research. Specifies the situation on the market. Gives feedback

on KID's activities (have the sales increased? how much?)

1. Production department gives feedback on KID's activities (has

productivity increased? how much?)

1. Human resource administration cooperates with KID closely. Helps it

with motivation.

1. Financial department provides KID with money for all activities (within

the budget of course). Gives feedback on KID's activities (financial

results figures, information about changes in costs and revenues).

1. Customers give KID valuable feedback about products and services.

1. Employees give KID ideas, cooperate with it and receive rewards for

their work.

1. Experts work with KID on specific problems.

6 Control functions of the KID

If the innovation is complex we must monitor closely the field of

implementation and if problems occur - take care of them immediately.

Collect feedback from all people related concerning the results. Taking

action if necessary. Remember that no change comes without negative

response. Calculate results (based on financial information, information

about productivity and costs, etc.). Reward the idea author depending on

these figures. Tell everyone about this "great man, who helped to the

company so much".

7 Customer relations

Customer feedback must also come to the KID, not marketing department.

Marketing department doesn’t have direct stimulus to analyze information

related to other departments. It might have difficulties making changes in

other departments due to lack of power.

The KID system is not of course ideal. It is just a draft, an idea of what

could be developed into a universal model. But as I see it - every company

that wants to succeed in the coming high-tech future must start to develop

such a system as soon as possible.











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