–ефераты. Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England






|name [nжm] | |name [nжm] |

|The first sound is vowel |

|acre [jakr] |

|ale [jal] |

|acorn [Тjak?rn] |

|hare [hja:r] |

|ache [jek] |

|acorn [jek?rn] |

|behave [b?Тhjev] |

|УeФ in the closed syllables > УaФ |

|Nothern |Western | |

|egg [ag], fetch [fat?], step [stap], | |

|wretch [rat?], stretch [strat?] | |

|УeФ in the closed syllables > [e?] |

|Eastern |Southern | |

|egg [e?g], stretch [stre?t?] | |

|УeФ in the closed syllables > [e:] |

|South-Western |Western |Middle/Eastern |

|Leg [le:g], bed [be:d], hedge [he:d(] | |

|if УeФ follows УwФ > [ :] |

| |Western | |

| |well [w :l] | |

| |twelve [tw :lv] | |

| |wench [w :nt?] | |

|УiФ in the closed syllable |

|North-Western |Western | |

|> [e]: |> [ ]: | |

|big [beg] |bill [b l] | |

|bid [bed] |little [Тl tl] | |

|flitch [fletch] |children [Тt? ldr n] | |

|sit [set] |cliff [kl f] | |

|spit [spet] |hill [h l] | |

| |drift [dr ft] | |

| |shrimp [?r mp] | |

| |fit [f t] | |

| |ship [? p] | |

| |pig [p g] | |

| |fish [f ?] | |

|УightФ > [e] |

|North-Western |Western | |

|flight, right | |

|if a nasal consonant follows УiФ |

|> [e]: | |> [e]: |

|sing [se?] | |sing [se?] |

|cling [kle?] | |cling [kle?] |

|УiФ before УndФ |

|North-Western | | |

|> [e]: | | |

|bind [ben] | | |

|blind [blen] | | |

|find [ven] | | |

|grind [gren] | | |

|УiФ before УldФ |

| |Eastern | |

| |> [i:]: | |

| |mild [mi:ld] | |

| |wild [wi:ld] | |

| |child [t??ld] | |

|УiФ in the open syllable |

|South-Western |Southern | |

|> [e?]: |> [e?]: | |

|fly [fle?] |bide [be?d] | |

|lie [le?] |wide [we?d] | |

|thigh [?e?] |time [te?m] | |

|Eastern | | |

|> [ ?]: | | |

|fly [fl ?] | | |

|lie [l ?] | | |

|УoФ in the closed syllable followed by a consonant |

|South-Western | |Eastern |

|> [a:]: | |> [ ]: |

|dog [da:g] | |cot [k t] |

|cross [kra:s] | |bottom [b tm] |

| | |dog [d g] |

| | |cross [kr s] |

| | |Western |

| | |> [a:]: |

| | |dog [da:g] |

| | |cross [kra:s] |

|УoФ + a nasal consonant |

|North-Western |Western |Western |

|> [ж]: |> [ж]: | |

|among [?Тmж?] |among [?Тmж?] |among [?Тmж?] |

|long [lж?] |long [lж?] |long [lж?] |

|wrong [rж?] |wrong [rж?] |wrong [rж?] |

|УolФ + a consonant |

| |Western |Western |

| |> [u?]: |> [u?]: |

| |gold [gv?ld] |gold [gv?ld] |

| |old [u?ld] |old [u?ld] |

|УoФ in the open syllable and УoaФ |

| |Western | |

| |> [ ]: | |

| |bone [b n] | |

| |broad [br d] | |

| |rope [r p] | |

| |load [l d] | |

| |УoiФ | |

| | |> [a?]: |

| | |choice [t?a?s] |

| | |join [d(a?n] |

| | |moil [ma?l] |

| | |point [pa?nt] |

| | |spoil [spa?l] |

| | |voice [va?s] |

|УuФ in the closed syllable |

|Southern | | |

|> [e]: | | |

|but [bet] | | |

|dust [dest] | | |

|УouФ / ФowФ |

| | |Easter |

| | |> [av]: |

| | |low [lav] |

| | |owe [au] |

|УooФ |

|North-Western |Western |Middle/Eastern |

|> [?]: |> [ц]: |> [ ]: |

|good [g?d] |book [bцk] |book [b k] |

|hood [h?d] |cook [kцk] |brook [br k] |

|foot [f?t] |crook [krцk] |crook [kr k] |

|blood [bl?d] |look [lцk] |look [l k] |

|stood [st?d] |took [tцk] |took [t k] |

|bloom [bl?m] |good [gцd] |good [g d] |

|broom [br?m] |foot [fцt] |foot [f t] |

|moon [m?n] |stood [stцd] |soot [s t] |

|loom [l?m] | |flood [fl d] |

|Eastern | | |

|> [ ]: | | |

|book [b k] | | |

|brook [br k] | | |

|crook [kr k] | | |

|УiФ in the open syllable |

|South-western |Southern | |

|> [e?]: |> [e?]: | |

|fly [fle?] |bide [be?d] | |

|lie [le?] |wide [we?d] | |

|thigh [?e?] |time [te?m] | |

|Eastern | | |

|> [ ?]: | | |

|fly [fl ?] | | |

|lie [l ?] | | |

|УoФ in the closed syllable followed by a consonant |

|South-western | |Eastern |

|> [a:]: | |> [ ]: |

|dog [da:g] | |cot [k t] |

|cross [kra:s] | |bottom [b tm] |

| | |dog [d g] |

| | |cross [kr s] |

| | |Western |

| | |> [a:]: |

| | |dog [da:g] |

| | |cross [kra:s] |

|Devonshire |Somersetshire |Wiltshire |

|УoФ + a nasal consonant |

|North-western |Western |Western |

|> [ж]: among [?Тmж?], long [lж?], wrong [wrж?] |

|УolФ + a consonant |

| |Western |Western |

| |> [u?l]: gold [gv?ld], old [u?ld] |

|УoaФ |

| |Western | |

| |> [ ]: | |

| |bone [b n] | |

| |broad [br d] | |

| |rope [r p] | |

| |load [l d] | |

| |УoiФ | |

| | |> [a?]: |

| | |choice [t?a?s] |

| | |join [d(a?n] |

| | |moil [ma?l] |

| | |point [pa?nt] |

| | |spoil [spa?l] |

| | |voice [va?s] |

|УuФ in the closed syllable |

|Southern | | |

|> [e]: | | |

|but [bet] | | |

|dust [dest] | | |

|УouФ/УowФ |

| | |Easter |

| | |> [av]: |

| | |low [lav] |

| | |owe [au] |

|УooФ |

|North-Western |Western |Middle/Eastern |

|> [?]: |> [ц]: |> [ ]: |

|good [g?d] |book [bцk] |book [b k] |

|hood [h?d] |cook [kцk] |brook [br k] |

|foot [f?t] |crook [krцk] |crook [kr k] |

|blood [bl?d] |look [lцk] |look [l k] |

|stood [st?d] |took [tцk] |took [t k] |

|bloom [bl?m] |good [gцd] |good [g d] |

|broom [br?m] |foot [fцt] |foot [f t] |

|moon [m?n] |stood [stцd] |soot [s t] |

|loom [l?m] | |flood [fl d] |

|root [r?t] | | |

|spoon [sp?n] | | |

|Eastern | | |

|> [ ]: | | |

|book [b k] | | |

|brook [br k] | | |

|crook [kr k] | | |

|look [l k] | | |

|УerФ, УirФ, УurФ |

| |Southern | |

| |> [a:]: | |

| |learn [la:n] | |

| |earth [a:?] | |

| |bird [ba:d] | |

| |birch [ba:t?] | |

| |merchant [Тma:t??nt] | |

| |herb [ha:b] | |

| |work [wa:k] | |

|УorФ |

| |> [a:]: fork [fa:k], horse [ha:s], horn [ha:n], |

| |short [?a:t], |

| | Morning [Тma:n??], word [wa:d] |

|УewФ |

|Eastern | |Northern |

|> [ь:]: | |> [jav]: |

|dew [dь:] | |dew [djau] |

|few [fь:] | |few [fjau] |

| | |new [njau] |

| |

|2. Consonantism |

|[w] in the beginning of the word or before УhФ |

|old [w l] | |[w] is not pronounced: |

|oak [w k] | |week [ouk] |

|hot [w t] | |swick [su:k] |

|home [w m] | | |

|orchard [wurt??t] | | |

|hole [hwul] | | |

|hope [hwup] | | |

—траницы: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8



2012 © ¬се права защищены
ѕри использовании материалов активна€ ссылка на источник об€зательна.